Affiliation: Department of Psychiatry, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, 3535 Market Street, 2nd floor, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA.
Background: Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) in psychiatry or integrative psychiatry covers a wide range of biological, psychological and mind-body treatments that enhance standard medical practices and patient outcomes. While CAM approaches are popular among patients, health professionals have received limited education in these interventions and they are often unaware of their patients’ use of CAM treatments.
Method: This overview highlights evidence-based CAM treatments for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) including dietary interventions, phytomedicines, mind-body practices and neurofeedback.
Results: While conventional treatments are the mainstays for ADHD, there are a large number of available treatments that can be used to enhance treatment response.
Conclusion: With improved education and further scientific and clinical research, validated integrative treatments will provide more effective, lower risk and lower cost care for patients with ADHD.