ISSN: 2210-6774 (Online)
ISSN: 2210-6766 (Print)
Volume 4, 4 Issues, 2014
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Instructions for Authors:
Any topic relevant to adolescent development and psychopathology is appropriate for submission to Adolescent Psychiatry. Its primary readership comprises of clinicians who work with adolescents. The Journal accepts mini- and full-length review articles, original research, and case series and case reports. Authors are welcome to submit abstracts on-line which will be reviewed and authors given feedback regarding the appropriateness of the topic and advisability of submitting a manuscript.
Please read the instructions for preparation and submission of manuscripts carefully. Manuscripts that do not conform to these guidelines will be returned to the author for correction before being considered for publication.
MANUSCRIPTS SUBMISSION AND REVIEW:
All manuscripts must be submitted electronically to firstname.lastname@example.org with a copy to email@example.com along with the cover letter, which is downloadable from Download the Covering letter. Receipt of the manuscript will be acknowledged to the principal/corresponding author. After a preliminary review by the Editor for appropriateness of content and topic, each paper submitted is sent to three reviewers; reviews are requested to be returned within 4 weeks.
The editor is happy to provide preliminary feedback as to the appropriateness of a topic for the journal prior to formal submission of a manuscript.
Manuscripts must be submitted by one of the authors of the manuscript, and should not be submitted by anyone on their behalf. The principal/corresponding author will be required to submit a Cover Letter along with the manuscript, on behalf of all the co-authors (if any). The author(s) will confirm that the manuscript (or any part of it) has not been published previously or is not under consideration for publication elsewhere. Furthermore, any illustration, structure or table that has been published elsewhere must be reported, and copyright permission for reproduction must be obtained.
Submitted articles that have passed preliminary screening for topicality and readability will undergo blind peer review by at least 3 members of the editorial board. The usual review period is 6 weeks. Once a manuscript is in final form, it will be forwarded to the publisher for copy editing, and will be returned to the first author for review. Authors are expected to review and return copy edited manuscripts promptly.
The editorial policies of Bentham Science Publishers on publication ethics, peer-review, plagiarism, copyrights/ licenses, errata/corrections and article retraction/ withdrawal can be viewed at Editorial Policy
Research articles should be 4000-8000 words excluding figures, structures, photographs, schemes, tables etc.
Full-length reviews should be 8000-40000 words excluding figures, structures, photographs, schemes, tables etc.
Randomized Drug Clinical Trial Studies:
Trial studies should be 1500 to 40000 words excluding figures, structures, photographs, schemes, tables etc.
There is no restriction on the number of figures, tables or additional files e.g. video clips, animation and datasets, that can be included with each article online. Authors should include all relevant supporting data with each article (Refer to Supplementary Material section).
The manuscript should be written in English in a clear, direct and active style. All pages must be numbered sequentially, beginning with the Abstract. All inconsistencies in the text and in the reference section and any typographical errors must be carefully checked and corrected before the submission of the manuscript. Microsoft Word® is the preferred file format for submission of manuscript. Double-space the entire copy, including title page, abstract, list of references, tables, and figure captions in a 10 point font size using Times New Roman 12-point font. The manuscript style must be uniform throughout the text. After the title page, number pages consecutively throughout including the reference pages, tables, and figure legends. Other than for the title page and financial disclosure, blinding is the responsibility of the author. Files should be labeled with appropriate and descriptive file names (e.g. SmithText.doc, SmithFig1.pdf).
The manuscript file should be uploaded in its native format, such as *.DOC.
For further convenience, our contracted service provider Eureka Science can provide assistance to authors for the preparation of manuscripts.
Single Topic Issues:
These special issues are peer-reviewed and may contain invited or uninvited review/mini-review articles. A Single Topic Issue Editor will offer a short perspective and co-ordinate the solicitation of manuscripts between 3-5 (for a mini-thematic issue) to 6-10 (for full-length thematic issue) from leading scientists. Authors interested in editing a single topic issue in an emerging topic of outstanding developments in medicinal chemistry and rational drug design may submit their proposal to the Editor-in-Chief at firstname.lastname@example.org for consideration.
MANUSCRIPT SECTIONS FOR PAPERS:
Manuscripts may be divided into the following sections:
- Covering Letter
- Title page
- Graphical Abstract
- Text Organization
- List of Abbreviations (if any)
- Conflict of Interest
- Figures/Illustrations (if any)
- Tables (if any)
- Supportive/Supplementary Material (if any)
It is mandatory that a signed covering letter also be submitted along with the manuscript by the author to whom correspondence is to be addressed,
delineating the scope of the submitted article declaring the potential competing interests, acknowledging contributions from authors and funding agencies,
and certifying that the paper is prepared according to the 'Instructions for Authors', and that the article should not contains such any material or information that may be unlawful, defamatory, fabricated, plagiarized, or which would, if
published, in any way whatsoever, violate the terms and conditions as laid down in the copyright agreement. The authors acknowledge that the publishers
have the legal right to take appropriate action against the authors for any such violation of the terms and conditions as laid down in the copy right
agreement. Download the Covering letter
The title of the article should be precise and brief and must not be more than 120 characters. Authors should avoid the use of non-standard abbreviations.
The title must be written in title case except for articles, conjunctions and prepositions.
Authors should also provide a short 'running title'. Title, running title, byline, correspondent footnote and keywords should be written as presented in
Title page should include paper title, author(s) full name and affiliation, corresponding author(s) names complete affiliation/address, along with phone,
fax and email.
The abstract should not exceed 250 words for review and research papers summarizing the essential features of the article.
A graphic must be included with each manuscript for use in the Table of Contents (TOC). This must be submitted separately as an electronic file (preferred file types are EPS, PDF, TIFF, Microsoft Word, PowerPoint and CDX etc.). A graphical abstract, not exceeding 30 words along with the illustration, helps to summarize the contents of the manuscript in a concise pictorial form. It is meant as an aid for the rapid viewing of the journals' contents and to help capture the readers’ attention. The graphical abstract may feature a key structure, reaction, equation, etc. that the manuscript elucidates upon. It will be listed along with the manuscript title, authors’ names and affiliations in the contents page, typeset within an area of 5 cm by 17 cm, but it will not appear in the article PDF file or in print.
Graphical Abstracts should be submitted as a separate file (must clearly mention graphical abstract within the file) online via Bentham's Content Management System by selecting the option “supplementary material”.
Provide 6 to 8 keywords in alphabetical order.
The main text should begin on a separate page and should be divided into title page, abstract and the main text. The text may be subdivided further according to the areas to be discussed, which should be followed by the List of Abbreviations, Conflict of Interest, Acknowledgements and Reference sections. For review, the manuscript should be divided into title page, abstract and the main text. The text may be subdivided further according to the areas to be discussed, which should be followed by the Acknowledgements and Reference sections. For Research Articles the manuscript should begin with the title page and abstract followed by the main text, which must be structured into separate sections as Introduction, Material and Methods, Results, Discussion, Conclusion, Trial Registration, Conflict of Interest, Acknowledgements and References. The Review Article should mention any previous important recent and old reviews in the field and contain a comprehensive discussion starting with the general background of the field. It should then go on to discuss the salient features of recent developments. The authors should avoid presenting material which has already been published in a previous review. The authors are advised to present and discuss their observations in brief. The manuscript style must be uniform throughout the text and 10 pt Times New Roman fonts should be used. The full term for an abbreviation should precede its first appearance in the text unless it is a standard unit of measurement. The reference numbers should be given in square brackets in the text. Italics should be used for Binomial names of organisms (Genus and Species), for emphasis and for unfamiliar words or phrases. Non-assimilated words from Latin or other languages should also be italicized e.g. per se, et al etc.
Formatting Of Manuscript:
The full term for an abbreviation should precede its first appearance in the text unless it is a standard unit of measurement. For example,
Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is associated with significant functional impairment. BPD can be difficult to recognize in some patients.
Use the generic term for a drug. When it is necessary to refer to the proprietary name, list it in parentheses after the generic term, followed by the
register mark (®).
Italics should be used for Binomial names of organisms (Genus and Species), for emphasis and for unfamiliar words or phrases. Non-assimilated words from
Latin or other languages should also be italicized e.g. per se, et al. etc.
When material is quoted directly, the original material should be followed exactly, including all punctuation and italics. Quotations must be taken from
the edition of the book that is listed in the references. All quoted passages must be followed by source page numbers.
Short quoted passages:
(fewer than 6 typewritten lines) should be incorporated into the text. The attribution, with the date in parentheses, should, whenever possible, precede
the quote as part of the text; the page number, in parentheses, should follow the closing quotation marks, which are followed by the final period, e.g.,
Freud (1933) wrote, ". . ." (p. 5).
Longer passages should be indented and set off from the rest of the text in a separate paragraph.
Following the introduction, papers should be divided into appropriate sections with headings. For a typical research paper, main headings would be Method,
Results and Discussion. For a review article, headings might include Literature Review, Case Examples, Discussion, and Summary. The Discussion section
should include implications for clinical practice, recommendations or guidelines, and needs for further study.
Ordinarily the author will not need to use more than 3 levels of headings
Level 1 headings (for the main sections) are centered with First Letter Capitalized
Level 2 headings are flushed with left margin, boldface, First Letter Capitalized
Level 3 headings indented, boldface, capitalize only the first letter of sentence or phrase, end with a period. These headings are sometimes referred to as paragraph or run-in headings. Although they end with a period (or other punctuation) they need not be complete
sentences or grammatically correct.
Sample and Participant Selection:
The sample consisted of adolescents who presented in our clinic with problem eating. All adolescents and their families who were identified at the time of
the initial intake interview as having had problem eating were offered the opportunity to participate in this study. "Problem eating" was defined as a
positive reply to the question, "Have you ever been concerned that you (your family member) might have an eating problem."
Assessments and Measures:
Family observation protocol. Families were observed eating a meal together in their homes.
Rating scales. The Rating Scale for Family Interaction (Smith, 008) was used to record observations.
Use of his/her:
Wherever possible and reasonable, sexist writing should be avoided by making sentences plural. When speaking of the therapeutic dyad, however, you will
have to use singular pronouns. The therapist may always be a female and the patient always male, or vice versa; him or her can be used when doing so
doesn't make for too awkward a sentence.
Standard Protocol on Approvals, Registrations, Patient Consents & Animal Protection:
All clinical investigations must be conducted according to the Declaration of Helsinki principles. Authors must comply with the guidelines of the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (www.icmje.org) with regard to the patient's consent for research or participation in a study. Patients' names, initials, or hospital numbers must not be mentioned anywhere in the manuscript (including figures). Editors may request that authors provide documentation of the formal review and recommendation from the institutional review board or ethics committee responsible for oversight of the study.
In addition to the standard patient consent for participation in research, authors are responsible for obtaining patient consent-to-disclose forms for all recognizable patients in photographs, videos, or other information that may be published in the Journal, in derivative works, or on the journal's web site and providing the manuscript to the recognizable patient for review before submission. The consent-to-disclose form should indicate specific use (publication in the medical literature in print and online, with the understanding that patients and the public will have access) of the patient's information and any images in figures or videos, and must contain the patient's signature or that of a legal guardian along with a statement that the patient or legal guardian has been offered the opportunity to review the identifying materials and the accompanying manuscript.
For research involving animals, the authors should indicate whether the procedures followed were in accordance with the standards set forth in the eighth edition of Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals (grants.nih.gov/grants/olaw/Guide-for-the-care-and-use-of-Laboratory-animals/; published by the National Academy of Sciences, The National Academies Press, Washington, D.C.).
A specific declaration of such approval and consent-to-disclose form must be made in the cover letter and in a stand-alone paragraph at the end of the Methods section especially in the case of human studies where inclusion of a statement regarding obtaining the written informed consent from each subject or subject's guardian is a must. The original should be retained by the guarantor or corresponding author. Editors may request to provide the original forms by fax or email.
Randomized Drug Clinical Trial Studies:
Randomized drug clinical trial studies are biomedical or health-related interventional and/or observational research studies conducted in phases in human beings who are randomly allocated to receive or not receive a preventive, therapeutic, or diagnostic intervention that follows a pre-defined protocol. The study is intended to determine the safety and efficacy of approaches to disease prevention, diagnosis and treatment.
Authors of randomized controlled trials are encouraged to submit trial protocols along with their manuscripts. All clinical trials must be registered (before recruitment of the first participant) at an appropriate online public trial registry that must be independent of for-profit interest (e.g.,(www.clinicaltrials.gov/). If you wish the editor(s) to consider an unregistered trial, please explain briefly why the trial has not been registered.
- All randomized clinical trials should include a flow diagram and authors should provide a completed randomized trial checklist (see CONSORT Flow Diagram and Checklist; www.consort-statement.org) and a trial protocol.
- Studies of diagnostic accuracy must be reported according to STARD guidelines; (www.stard-statement.org)
- Observational studies (cohort, case-control, or cross-sectional designs) must be reported according to the STROBE statement, and should be submitted with their protocols; (www.strobe-statement.org).
- Genetic association studies must be reported according to STREGA guidelines; (www.medicine.uottawa.ca)
- Systematic reviews and meta-analyses must be reported according to PRISMA guidelines; (www.prisma-statement.org)
- To find the reporting guidelines see (www.equator-network.org)
Important points to remember while submitting clinical trials:
- Each manuscript should clearly state an objective or hypothesis; the design and methods (including the study setting and dates, patients or participants with inclusion and exclusion criteria, or data sources, and how these were selected for the study); the essential features of any interventions; the main outcome measures; the main results of the study; a comment section placing the results in context with the published literature and addressing study limitations; and the conclusions. Data included in research reports must be original. .
- Trial registry name, registration identification number, and the URL for the registry should be included at the end of the abstract and also in the space provided on the online manuscript submission form. If your research article reports the results of a controlled health care intervention, list the trial registry, along with the unique identifying number (Please note that there should be no space between the letters and numbers of your trial registration number). Studies designed for other purposes, such as to study pharmacokinetics or major toxicity (e.g., phase 1 trials), are exempted.
- All reports of randomized trials should include a section entitled “Randomization and Masking”, within the Methods section.
- The manuscript must include a statement identifying the institutional and/or licensing committee that has approved the experiments, including any relevant details.
- The SI system of units and the recommended international non-proprietary name (rINN) for drug names must be used. Kindly ensure that the dose, route, and frequency of administration of any drug you mention are correct.
- Please ensure that the clinical trials sponsored by pharmaceutical companies follow the guidelines on good publication practice: (www.gpp-guidelines.org)
The editors reserve the right to reject manuscripts that do not comply with the above-mentioned requirements. The author will be held responsible for false statements or failure to fulfill the above-mentioned requirements.
Greek Symbols and Special Characters:
Greek symbols and special characters often undergo formatting changes and get corrupted or lost during preparation of manuscript for publication. To ensure
that all special characters used are embedded in the text, these special characters should be inserted as a symbol but should not be a result of any format
styling (Symbol font face) otherwise they will be lost during conversion to PDF/XML.
Conflict of Interest:
Financial contributions to the work being reported must be clearly acknowledged, as should any potential conflict of interest under the heading ‘Conflict of Interest’. Authors must list the source(s) of funding for the study, for each author, and for the manuscript preparation.
All individuals listed as authors must have contributed substantially to the design, performance, analysis, or reporting of the work and are required to indicate their specific contribution. Anyone (individual/company/institution) who has substantially contributed to the study for important intellectual content, or who was involved in the article’s drafting the manuscript or revising must also be acknowledged.
Guest or honorary authorship based solely on position (e.g. research supervisor, departmental head) is discouraged.
The specific requirements for authorship have been defined by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors www.icmje.org Examples of authors' contributions are: 'designed research/study', 'performed research/study', 'contributed important reagents', 'collected data', 'analyzed data', 'wrote paper' etc. This information must be included in the submitted manuscript as a separate paragraph under the heading ‘Acknowledgements’. The corresponding author is responsible for obtaining permission from all co-authors for the submission of any version of the manuscript and for any changes in the authorship.
REFERENCES AND CITATIONS:
All references must be complete and accurate. Use the American Psychological Association style, 6th Edition (London and Washington, DC, 2009, American Psychological Association) as a guide for formatting citations and references. This is a (name, date) system for citations. References are listed alphabetically at the end. Examples of the APA style and helpful suggestions for writing may be found on the website of Purdue University (owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560/01/).
Citations of references in the text
In the text, citations should include the authors' last names and year of publication. For a work with two authors, include both authors' names each time the work is cited. For more than two authors, cite all authors the first time the reference occurs; thereafter include only the first author's surname followed by " et al ." and the year of publication, e.g., Smith, Brown and Labelle (1990), or (Smith, Brown and Labelle, 1990), then (Smith et al . 1990).
Citations should list authors in alphabetical order, for example, (Tang et al. 1987; Tozman and Kamal 1987). Where two or more references would have the same text citation, add a, b, c, etc. to the year (Smith et al . 1979a; 1979b).
Use an ampersand (&) to join the final name in the citation for more than two authors, e.g., Smith, Labelle & Tang, 2009). However, if the authors are listed in the text as part of a sentence, use "and" as in the following example: "Smith, Labelle and Tang (2009) found …."
When using direct quotations, cite the page number for the quotation along with the source in the reference list.
References should be typed, double-spaced, in alphabetical order and include the names of all authors. The first line of the entry is flush with the left margin, and all subsequent lines are indented (5 spaces or ½") to form a "hanging indent".
For articles accepted for publication, the words "in press" should be substituted for the year.
Personal communications may be cited in the text but are not listed in the references unless they are recoverable as archival materials.
Hutson, H., Anglin, D., Kyriacou, D., Hart, J. & Spears, K. (1995). The epidemic of gang-related homicides in Los Angeles County from 1979 through 1994. Journal of the American Medical Association, 274 , 1031-1036.
Curry, G. & Decker, S. (1998). Confronting gangs: crime and community. Los Angeles, CA: Roxbury.
Gibbs, J.T., & Huang, L.N. (Eds.). (2001). Children of color: Psychological interventions with culturally diverse youth. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.
No Author or Editor:
Merriam-Webster's collegiate dictionary (11th ed.). (2003). Springfield, MA: Merriam-Webster.
Hammond, K.R., & Adelman, L. (1986). Science, values, and human judgment. In H.R. Arkes & K.R. Hammond (Eds.), Judgment and decision making: An interdisciplinary reader (pp. 127-143). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Meeks, J. (1975). Group delinquent reaction. In Freedman A., Kaplan H. & Sadock B.S. (Eds.), Comprehensive textbook of psychiatry, (2nd ed. Vol. 2, pp. 2136-2142). Baltimore, MD: Williams & Wilkins.
Levine, S. (1999), Wraparound programs: a review of clinical roles, responsibilities, constraints, and possibilities, a report for the County of San Diego Health and Human Services Agency. Unpublished manuscript.
Usually these supply a preferred citation
U.S. General Accounting Office. (1995) School safety: Promising initiatives for addressing school violence. Report to the ranking minority member subcommittee on children and families, committee on labor and human resources (Publication No. GAO/HEHS-95-106). Washington, DC: Author.
Government Report, GPO Publisher:
National Institute of Mental Health. (1990). Clinical training in serious mental illness
(DHHS Publication No. ADM 90-1679). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.
Bickman, L., & Ellis, H. (Eds.). (1990). Preparing psychologists for the 21st century: Proceedings of the National Conference on Graduate Education in Psychology, 1988, University of Utah. Hillsdale, NJ: L. Erlbaum.
Milnes, G.M. (1998). Adolescent depression: The use of generative instruction to increase rational beliefs and decrease irrational beliefs and depressed mood. (Unpublished applied. psychology thesis). Murdoch University, Perth, Western Australia.
Smith, I.M. (1988). U.S. Patent No. 123,445. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Patent and Trademark Office.
Give complete web address
Halsall, P. (1997), Modern history sourcebook: Maximilien Robespierre: Justification of the use of terror. Retrieved from www.fordham.edu/halsall/mod/robespierre-terror.html
Some important points to remember:
- Use References as level one header (capitalize, bold center).
- List references in alphabetical orders
- Put spaces after all commas and periods.
- Do not use et al . in references (although it is used in text citations).
- Give starting and ending pages for chapters and journal articles.
- Capitalize only the first word and all proper nouns in titles of works, except for journal names
All authors must strictly follow the guidelines below for preparing illustrations for publication in Adolescent Psychiatry. If the figures are found to be sub-standard, then the manuscripts will be rejected/ and the authors offered the option of figure improvement professionally by Eureka Science. The costs for such improvement will be charged to the authors.
For Halftone image type, which is generally a continuous tone photograph and contains no text, the preferred file format is TIFF, with colour mode being RGB or Grayscale, in a resolution of 300 dpi.
For Combination image type, which is generally an image containing halftone in addition to text or line art elements, the preferred file format is TIFF, with colour mode being or RGB or Grayscale, in a resolution of 500-900 dpi.
For illustrations, the following file formats are acceptable:
EPS (preferred format for diagrams)
PDF (also especially suitable for diagrams)
PNG (preferred format for photos or images)
Microsoft Word (version 5 and above; figures must be a single page)
PowerPoint (figures must be a single page)
JPEG (conversion should be done using the original file)
Bentham Science does not process figures submitted in GIF format.
If the large size of TIFF or EPS figures acts as an obstacle to online submission, authors may find that conversion to JPEG format before submission
results in significantly reduced file size and upload time, while retaining acceptable quality. JPEG is a 'lossy' format, however. In order to maintain
acceptable image quality, it is recommended that JPEG files are saved at High or Maximum quality.
Files should not be compressed with tools such as Zipit or Stuffit prior to submission as these tools will in any case produce negligible file-size savings
for JPEGs and TIFFs, which are already compressed.
Please do not:
- Supply embedded graphics in your word processor (spreadsheet, presentation) document.
- Supply files that are optimized for screen use (like GIF, BMP, PICT, WPG); the resolution is too low.
- Supply files that are too low in resolution.
- Submit graphics that are disproportionately large for the content.
Image Conversion Tools:
There are many software packages, many of them freeware or shareware, capable of converting to and from different graphics formats, including PNG.
Good general tools for image conversion include GraphicConverter on the Macintosh, PaintShop Pro, for Windows, and ImageMagick, which is available on
Macintosh, Windows and UNIX platforms.
Note that bitmap images (e.g. screenshots) should not be converted to EPS, since this will result in a much larger file size than the equivalent JPEG,
TIFF, PNG or BMP, with no increase in quality. EPS should only be used for images produced by vector-drawing applications such as Adobe Illustrator or
CorelDraw. Most vector-drawing applications can be saved in, or exported as, EPS format. In case the images have been originally prepared in an Office
application, such as Word or PowerPoint, then the original Office files should be directly uploaded to the site, instead of being converted to JPEG or
another format that may be of low quality.
- The cost for each individual page of color figures/plates/illustrations is US$ 950.
- Color figures should be supplied in CMYK not RGB colors.
- Data Tables should be submitted in Microsoft Word ® table format and should be on separate pages at the end of the manuscript. Each table should be on a separate page.
- Each table should include a title/caption being explanatory in itself with respect to the details discussed in the table. Detailed legends may then follow.
- Table number in bold font i.e. Table 1, should follow a title. The title should be in small case with the first letter in caps. A full stop should be placed at the end of the title. In the text, refer to the table by its number. Include a notation in the text about where the table or figure should be inserted, for example, <Insert Table 1 about here>.
- Columns and rows of data should be made visibly distinct by ensuring that the borders of each cell are displayed as black lines.
- Tables should be numbered in Arabic numerals sequentially in order of their citation in the body of the text.
- If a reference is cited in both the table and text, please insert a footnote in the table to refer to the reference in the text.
- Tabular data provided as additional files can be submitted as an Excel spreadsheet.
We do encourage authors to append supportive material, for example a PowerPoint file containing a talk about the study, a PowerPoint file containing additional screenshots, a Word, RTF, or PDF document showing the original instrument(s) used, a video, or the original data (SAS/SPSS files, Excel files, Access Db files etc.) provided it is endorsed by the journal's Editor. A bibliography of additional resources or recommended reading other than that included in the reference list may also be included with the approval of the Editor.
Supportive/Supplementary material intended for publication must be numbered and referred to in the manuscript but should not be a part of the submitted paper. In-text citations as well as a section with the heading "Supportive/Supplementary Material" before the "References" section should be provided. Here, list all Supportive/Supplementary Material and include a brief caption line for each file describing its contents.
Any additional files will be linked to the final published article in the form supplied by the author, but will not be displayed within the paper. They will be made available in exactly the same form as originally provided only on our Web site. Please also make sure that each additional file is a single table, figure or movie (please do not upload linked worksheets or PDF files larger than one sheet). Supportive/ Supplementary material must be provided in a single zipped file not larger than 4 MB.
Authors must clearly indicate if these files are not for publication but meant for the reviewers'/editors' perusal only.
PERMISSION FOR REPRODUCTION:
Published/reproduced material should not be included unless written permission has been obtained from the copyright holder, which should be forwarded to the Editorial Office in case of acceptance of your article for publication. Authors should check the publisher or copyright holder for specific requirements to quote from or adapt copyrighted material. A form for obtaining permission for reproducing material is available at Bentham website (download FORM).
AUTHORS AND INSTITUTIONAL AFFILIATIONS:
The authors will be required to provide their full names, the institutional affiliations and the location, with an asterisk in front of the name of the principal/corresponding author. The corresponding author(s) should be designated and their complete address, business telephone and fax numbers and e-mail address must be stated to receive correspondence and galley proofs.
LANGUAGE AND EDITING:
Manuscripts submitted containing many English typographical errors will not be published. Manuscripts which are accepted for publication on condition that the written English submitted is corrected, will be sent a quote by Eureka Science, a professional language editing company. Authors from non-English language countries who have poor English language written skills, are advised to contact the language editing company prior to submitting their manuscript to the journal. Please contact Eureka Science for a language editing quote at e-mail: email@example.com stating the total number of words of the article to be edited.
언어 및 편집:
영문 오타가 많은 원고는 출판되지 않을 것입니다. 영문 오타를 없애겠다는 조건으로 받은 원고는 영어 편집 전문회사인 유럽 공동 기술개발 기구로부터 가격 견적서가 보내 질 것입니다. 영어 작문에 어려움이 있는 비영어권 국가의 저자들은 원고를 학술지에 제출하기 전에 영어 편집회사와 접촉할 것을 권합니다. 영어 편집 견적서를 받기 위해서 교정될 원고의 단어수를 적은 메일을 유럽 공동 기술개발 기구 메일인 firstname.lastname@example.org 로 보내시기 바랍니다.
EDITION ET LANGUE:
Les manuscrits soumis avec plusieurs erreurs typographiques en Anglais ne seront pas publiés en l’état. Les manuscrits sont acceptés pour publication à la condition que l'anglais utilisé soit corrigé après la soumission et seront envoyés pour examen à Eureka Science, une société d'édition de langue professionnelle. Les auteurs en provenance de pays où la langue est différente de l'anglais et qui ont de médiocres compétences en anglais écrit, sont priés de contacter la société d'édition de langue avant de soumettre leur manuscrit à la revue. Merci de contacter Eureka Science à email@example.com pour un devis en indiquant le nombre total de mot de l’article à éditer.
Authors will receive page proofs of their accepted paper before publications. To avoid delays in publication, proofs should be checked immediately for typographical errors and returned within 48 hours. Major changes are not acceptable at the proof stage. If unable to send corrections within 48 hours due to some reason, the author(s) must at least send an acknowledgement on receiving the galley proofs or the article will be published exactly as received and the publishers will not be responsible for any error occurring in the published manuscript in this regard.
The corresponding author will be solely responsible for ensuring that the revised version of the manuscript incorporating all the submitted corrections receives the approval of all the co-authors of the manuscript.
Each first-named (corresponding) author will receive a complimentary PDF file of their published article. Reprints may be ordered from the Publisher prior to publication of the article. First named authors may also order a personal print and online subscription of the journal at 50% off the normal subscription rate by contacting the subscription department at e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org.
OPEN ACCESS PLUS:
Accepted articles can be published online for free open access for all to view. Open access publishing provides the maximum dissemination of the article to the largest audience. Authors must pay for this service. All corresponding authors will be asked to indicate whether or not they wish to pay to have their paper made freely available on publication. If authors do not select the Open Access option, then their article will be published with standard subscription-based access at no charge.
Bentham Science offers authors the choice of open access publication of their articles at a fee of US$ 890 per published article which allows indefinite free-to-view online publication with Bentham Science.
All Editors, Board members and preferred authors who have contributed more than two articles in Bentham Science Publications are entitled for 40% discount on open access plus fees.
For more information please contact us at e-mail: email@example.com.
REVIEWING AND PROMPTNESS OF PUBLICATION:
All papers submitted for publication are immediately subjected to editorial scrutiny, usually in consultation with members of the journal Editorial Advisory Board and outside independent reviewers. Every effort will be made to peer review submitted papers quickly. Papers which are delayed by authors in revision for more than 30 days will have to be re-submitted as a new submission. Papers accepted for publication are typeset and proofs are dispatched to authors for any corrections prior to final publication.
Authors who publish in Bentham Science print & online journals will transfer copyright to their work to Bentham Science Publishers. Submission of a manuscript to the respective journals implies that all authors have read and agreed to the content of the Covering Letter or the Terms and Conditions. It is a condition of publication that manuscripts submitted to this journal have not been published and will not be simultaneously submitted or published elsewhere. Plagiarism is strictly forbidden, and by submitting the article for publication the authors agree that the publishers have the legal right to take appropriate action against the authors, if plagiarism or fabricated information is discovered. By submitting a manuscript the authors agree that the copyright of their article is transferred to the publishers if and when the article is accepted for publication. Once submitted to the journal, a manuscript may not be withdrawn at any stage prior to publication.
Bentham Science Publishers uses the iThenticate software to detect instances of overlapping and similar text in submitted manuscripts. iThenticate software checks content against a database of periodicals, the Internet, and a comprehensive article database. It generates a similarity report, highlighting the percentage overlap between the uploaded article and the published material. Any instance of content overlap is further scrutinized for suspected plagiarism according to the publisher’s Editorial Policies. Bentham Science allows an overall similarity of 20% for a manuscript to be considered for publication. The similarity percentage is further checked keeping the following important points in view:
Low Text Similarity:
The text of every submitted manuscript is checked using the Content Tracking mode in iThenticate. The Content Tracking mode ensures that manuscripts with an overall low percentage similarity (but which may have a higher similarity from a single source) are not overlooked. The acceptable limit for similarity of text from a single source is 5%. If the similarity level is above 5%, the manuscript is returned to the author for paraphrasing the text and citing the original source of the copied material.
It is important to mention that the text taken from different sources with an overall low similarity percentage will be considered as a plagiarized content if the majority of the article is a combination of copied material.
High Text Similarity:
There may be some manuscripts with an overall low similarity percentage, but a higher percentage from a single source. A manuscript may have less than 20% overall similarity but there may be 15 % similar text taken from a single article. The similarity index in such cases is higher than the approved limit for a single source. Authors are advised to thoroughly rephrase the similar text and properly cite the original source to avoid plagiarism and copyright violation.
Types of Plagiarsim:
We all know that scholarly manuscripts are written after thorough review of previously published articles. It is therefore not easy to draw a clear boundary between legitimate representation and plagiarism. However, the following important features can assist in identifying different kinds of plagiarized content. These are:
- Reproduction of others words, sentences, ideas or findings as one’s own without proper acknowledgement.
- Text recycling, also known as self-plagiarism. It is an author’s use of a previous publication in another paper without proper citation and acknowledgement of the original source.
- Paraphrasing poorly: Copying complete paragraphs and modifying a few words without changing the structure of original sentences or changing the sentence structure but not the words.
- Verbatim copying of text without putting quotation marks and not acknowledging the work of the original author.
- Properly citing a work but poorly paraphrasing the original text is considered as unintentional plagiarism. Similarly, manuscripts with language somewhere between paraphrasing and quoting are not acceptable. Authors should either paraphrase properly or quote and in both cases, cite the original source.
- Higher similarity in the abstract, introduction, materials and methods, and discussion and conclusion sections indicates that the manuscript may contain plagiarized text. Authors can easily explain these parts of the manuscript in many ways. However, technical terms and sometimes standard procedures cannot be rephrased; therefore Editors must review these sections carefully before making a decision.
Plagiarism in Published Manuscripts:
Published manuscripts which are found to contain plagiarized text are retracted from the journal website after careful investigation and approval by the Editor-in-Chief of the journal. A ‘Retraction Note’ as well as a link to the original article is published on the electronic version of the plagiarized manuscript and an addendum with retraction notification in the journal concerned.
E-PUB AHEAD OF SCHEDULE:
Bentham Science Publishers are pleased to offer electronic publication of accepted papers prior to scheduled publication. These peer-reviewed papers can be cited using the date of access and the unique DOI number. Any final changes in manuscripts will be made at the time of print publication and will be reflected in the final electronic version of the issue. Articles ahead of schedule may be ordered by pay-per-view at the relevant links by each article stated via the E-Pub Ahead of Schedule.
Articles appearing in E-Pub Ahead-of-Schedule sections have been peer-reviewed and accepted for publication in this journal and posted online before scheduled publication. Articles appearing here may contain statements, opinions, and information that have errors in facts, figures, or interpretation. Accordingly, Bentham Science Publishers, the editors and authors and their respective employees are not responsible or liable for the use of any such inaccurate or misleading data, opinion or information contained of articles in the E-Pub Ahead-of-Schedule.