Radioactive Nanoparticles and their Main Applications: Recent Advances

ISSN: 2212-4020 (Online)
ISSN: 1872-2105 (Print)


Volume 8, 3 Issues, 2014


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Department of New Architectures in Materials Chemistry
Materials Science Institute of Madrid
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Radioactive Nanoparticles and their Main Applications: Recent Advances

Author(s): Boris I. Kharisov, Oxana V. Kharissova and Sergei S. Berdonosov

Affiliation: Facultad de Ciencias Quimicas, Universidad Autonoma de Nuevo Leon, Monterrey, Mexico.

Abstract

Selected nanoparticles and nanocomposites on the basis of radioactive elements are reviewed. Isotopes of metallic gold, iodine and technetium salts, CeO2 and other lanthanide and actinide compounds, as well as several p- (P, C, F, Te) and d- (Fe, Co, Cu, Cd, Zn) elements form most common radioactive nanoparticles. Methods for their fabrication, including dopation with radionuclides and neutron/proton/deuteron activation, are discussed. These nanocomposites possess a series of useful applications, in particular in biology and medicine, including cancer therapeutics, drug delivery systems and radiotracers, as well as in the studies of several catalytic processes and materials structure.

Keywords: Actinides, biodistribution, biomedicine, cancer therapeutics, catalysis, dopation, drug delivery, gold, iodine, labelling, lanthanides, nanocomposites, neutron/proton/deuteron activation, nuclear medicine, radioactive nanoparticles, radioimmunotherapy, radiotracers, technetium, transition metal isotopes.

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Article Details

Volume: 8
Issue Number: 2
First Page: 79
Last Page: 96
Page Count: 18
DOI: 10.2174/187221050802140618143846
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