Affiliation: Department of Biotechnology and Department of Chemistry, Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati, Assam, India- 781039.
The high toxicity and the growing resistance are the major drawbacks of available antileishmanials. Our previous in vitro studies have identified oxabicyclo[3.3.1]nonanones as antileishmanial agents that act on the redox enzymes of the parasite. In the current study, antileishmanial activity of 4-(4,4,8-trimethyl-7-oxo-3-oxabicyclo[3.3.1]non-2-yl)- benzoic acid methyl ester (PS 203) the most potent oxabicyclo[3.3.1]nonanone identified in our previous study is evaluated using the hamster model. There was 77.29 ± 3.0 % inhibition of parasite growth observed after a 5-day treatment of 5 mg/kg body weight dose. Further, the in vivo toxicity study of the compound in Swiss albino mice revealed no hepatic or renal toxicity.