Affiliation: College of Pharmacy, Yanbian University, No. 977, Park road, Yanji, Jilin 133002, China.
A series of 4-butyl-5-(4-alkoxyphenyl)-2H-1,2,4-triazole-3(4H)-ones (6a-6u) was designed and synthesized. The anticonvulsant effects and neurotoxicity of the compounds were evaluated with maximal electroshock test and rotarod test. Among the synthetic compounds, 4-butyl-5-(4-(2-fluorinebenzyl)phenyl)-2H-1,2,4-triazole-3 (4H)-one (6k) was the most potent with ED50 value of 27.4 mg/kg and protective index (PI = TD50/ED50) value of 12.0. Besides the anti-MES efficacy, the potency of compound 6k against seizures induced by pentylenetetrazole (PTZ), 3-mercaptopropionic acid (3- MP), and bicuculline (BIC) was also established, which suggested that the mechanisms of action including enhancing of GABAergic activity might be involved in its anticonvulsant activity.