Electronic Fetal Heart Rate Monitoring: The Future

ISSN: 1875-6581 (Online)
ISSN: 1573-4048 (Print)

Volume 11, 2 Issues, 2015

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Current Women's Health Reviews

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John Yeh
Harvard Medical School
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Massachusetts General Hospital
Boston, MA

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Electronic Fetal Heart Rate Monitoring: The Future

Current Women's Health Reviews, 9(3): 169-174.

Author(s): Taran Khangura and Edwin Chandraharan.

Affiliation: Consultant Obstetrician and Gynaecologist, St. George’s Healthcare NHS Trust, Blackshaw Road, London SW 17 0RE, UK.


Continuous electronic fetal heart rate monitoring (EFM) using a cardiotocograph (CTG) is associated with a high false positive rate of approximately 60%. Current scientific evidence does not support a significant reduction in perinatal mortality or cerebral palsy, except for a 50% reduction in neonatal convulsions. Recent scientific evidence has questioned the role of ‘peripheral’ tests of fetal wellbeing such as fetal scalp blood sampling (FBS), fetal scalp lactate and fetal pulse oximetry in reducing the false positive rate of CTG. Fetal ECG (ST-Analyzer or STAN) shows promise in reducing neonatal admissions and operative vaginal births. Computerized CTG analysis and Fetal Physiological Score (FPS) may help reduce errors associated with CTG interpretation.


Fetal scalp blood sampling, fetal scalp lactate, ST-Analyzer (STAN), Fetal Physiological Score (FPS), computerised analysis.

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Article Details

Volume: 9
Issue Number: 3
First Page: 169
Last Page: 174
Page Count: 6
DOI: 10.2174/157340480903140131111807

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