The Use and Misuse of Exposure Therapy for Obsessive-Compulsive and Related Disorders
Jonathan S. Abramowitz and Ryan J. JacobyAffiliation:
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Department of Psychology, Campus Box 3270, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA.
AbstractIn this article we define and describe the use of exposure-based therapy for OCD. This approach involves confrontation with feared stimulus with the aim of facilitating fear extinction. Exposure, however, is not applicable for a number of psychological conditions now listed as related to OCD in the DSM-5. We explain when it is appropriate to use exposure and when it is not, and raise cautions for clinicians to consider when working with patients with problems putatively related to OCD.
Body dysmorphic disorder, exposure therapy, hair pulling, hoarding, obsessive-compulsive disorder, skin picking.
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