Princess Margaret Hospital, Roberts Road, Subiaco, Western Australia 6008, Australia.
Introduction: Lymphangioma is a rare benign cyst caused by congenital malformation of the lymphatic systems that often occurs in the cervicofacial region. There is no consensus on its management: Observation, aspiration, injection, cryotherapy, electrocautery, radiation, laser, ligation and excision.
Methods: We performed a literature search with the keywords “cystic hygroma”, “lymphangioma”, “management”, “OK 432” and “picibanil” from Medline, Embase and PubMed databases.
Results: We present a review of the history, signs and symptoms, diagnosis, histology, classification and management options of cystic hygroma.
Conclusion: There is no consensus on the treatment options. It should be individualised depending on the size of the lesion, anatomic localisation and complications.
Cystic hygroma, lymphangioma, management, head and neck, picibanil, review.