Blockade of Jagged/Notch Pathway Abrogates Transforming Growth Factor β2-Induced Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition in Human Retinal Pigment Epithelium Cells

ISSN: 1875-5666 (Online)
ISSN: 1566-5240 (Print)


Volume 14, 10 Issues, 2014


Download PDF Flyer




Current Molecular Medicine

Aims & ScopeAbstracted/Indexed in

Ranking and Category:
  • 27th of 121 in Medicine, Research & Experimental

Submit Abstracts Online Submit Manuscripts Online

Editor-in-Chief:
David W. Li
College of Medicine
University of Nebraska Medical Center
Omaha, NE
USA


View Full Editorial Board

Subscribe Purchase Articles Order Reprints

Current: 4.197
5 - Year: 4.644

Blockade of Jagged/Notch Pathway Abrogates Transforming Growth Factor β2-Induced Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition in Human Retinal Pigment Epithelium Cells

Author(s): X. Chen, W. Xiao, X. Liu, M. Zeng, L. Luo, M. Wu, S. Ye and Y. Liu

Affiliation: State Key Laboratory of Ophthalmology, Zhongshan Ophthalmic Center, Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou 510060, People's Republic of China.

Abstract

The epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) of retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) cells plays a key role in proliferative vitreoretinopathy (PVR) and proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR), which lead to the loss of vision. The Jagged/Notch pathway has been reported to be essential in EMT during embryonic development, fibrotic diseases and cancer metastasis. However, the function of Jagged/Notch signaling in EMT of RPE cells is unknown. Thus, we hypothesized that a crosstalk between Notch and transforming growth factor β2 (TGF-β2) signaling could induce EMT in RPE cells, which subsequently contributes to PVR and PDR. Here, we demonstrate that Jagged-1/Notch pathway is involved in the TGF-β2-mediated EMT of human RPE cells. Blockade of Notch pathway with DAPT (a specific inhibitor of Notch receptor cleavage) and knockdown of Jagged-1 expression inhibited TGF-β2-induced EMT through regulating the expression of Snail, Slug and ZEB1. Besides the canonical Smad signaling pathway, the noncanonical PI3K/Akt and MAPK pathway also contributed to TGF-β2-induced up-regulation of Jagged-1 in RPE cells. Overexpression of Jagged-1 could mimic TGF-β2 induce EMT. Our data suggest that the Jagged-1/Notch signaling pathway plays a critical role in TGF-β2-induced EMT in human RPE cells, and may contribute to the development of PVR and PDR. Inhibition of the Jagged/Notch signaling pathway, therefore, may have therapeutic value in the prevention and treatment of PVR and PDR.

Keywords: Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT), Jagged/Notch signaling, proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR), proliferative vitreoretinopathy (PVR), retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) cells.

Purchase Online Rights and Permissions

Article Details

Volume: 14
Issue Number: 4
First Page: 523
Last Page: 534
Page Count: 12
DOI: 10.2174/1566524014666140331230411
Advertisement

Related Journals




Webmaster Contact: urooj@benthamscience.org Copyright © 2014 Bentham Science