Sexual Risk Reduction Interventions for HIV Prevention among South AfricanYouth: A Meta-Analytic Review

ISSN: 1873-4251 (Online)
ISSN: 1570-162X (Print)


Volume 12, 6 Issues, 2014


Download PDF Flyer




Current HIV Research

Aims & ScopeAbstracted/Indexed in

Ranking and Category:
  • 23rd of 34 in Virology
  • 48th of 70 in Infectious Diseases
  • 102th of 137 in Immunology

Submit Abstracts Online Submit Manuscripts Online

Editor-in-Chief:
Charles Wood
University of Nebraska
Lincoln, NE
USA


View Full Editorial Board

Subscribe Purchase Articles Order Reprints

Current: 2.033
5 - Year: 1.941

Sexual Risk Reduction Interventions for HIV Prevention among South AfricanYouth: A Meta-Analytic Review

Author(s): Lori A.J. Scott-Sheldon, Paige Walstrom, Abigail Harrison, Seth C. Kalichman and Michael P. Carey

Affiliation: The Miriam Hospital, Centers for Behavioral and Preventive Medicine, CORO West, Suite 309, 164 Summit Ave., Providence, RI 02906, USA.

Abstract

Objectives: To examine the efficacy of sexual risk reduction interventions among South African youth.

Methods: Electronic databases were searched to identify studies published between 2007 and early 2013. Studies were eligible if they (1) targeted youth age 9-26, (2) evaluated sexual risk reduction interventions and (3) reported at least one behavioral outcome. Independent raters coded study characteristics, and intervention content. Weighted mean effect sizes were calculated; positive effect sizes indicated less sexual risk behavior and incident STIs.

Results: Ten studies (k = 11; N = 22,788; 54% female; 79% Black-African) were included. Compared to controls, interventions were successful at delaying sexual intercourse and, among sexually active youth, at increasing condom use. A single study found reductions in the incidence of herpes simplex virus-2, but not HIV.

Conclusions: Implementing behavioral interventions to delay sexual debut and improve condom use can help to reduce the transmission of HIV among South African youth.


Keywords: HIV, intervention, meta-analysis, sex, South Africa, youth.

Download Free Rights and Permissions

Article Details

Volume: 11
Issue Number: 7
First Page: 549
Last Page: 558
Page Count: 10
DOI: 10.2174/1570162X12666140129105726
Advertisement

Related Journals




Webmaster Contact: urooj@benthamscience.org Copyright © 2014 Bentham Science