Affiliation: Comenius University, Faculty of Natural Sciences, Department of Environmental Ecology, Bratislava, Slovakia.
According to the current literature, a dramatic increase in new published data or some-like „renaissance“ in the synthesis and fabrication of zeolitic and other industrial adsorbents, in a broad sence porous adsorption materials, has been reported over the last quarter of the century. Some of them are expected to be very useful and perspective adsorbents also in environmental control and remediation processes. Zeolites synthetic as well as natural, based on their beneficial properties and economic value, represent for a long time recognized industrial commodities. Advances in nanoscale science and engineering and development of novel functional materials, nanostructured membranes, bioactive nanoparticles and other surface engineered materials, microstructure of which has been recognized from evolutionary unique anatomy in nature are providing another unprecedent opportunity to develop more cost effective and environmentally acceptable adsorption materials of today.