Synthesis and Biological Evaluation of 3-Substituted-4-(4-methylthio phenyl)-1HPyrrole Derivatives as Potential Anticancer Agents

ISSN: 1875-5992 (Online)
ISSN: 1871-5206 (Print)


Volume 14, 10 Issues, 2014


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Anti-Cancer Agents in Medicinal Chemistry

Formerly: Current Medicinal Chemistry - Anti-Cancer Agents

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  • 26th of 59 in Chemistry, Medicinal
  • 99th of 197 in Oncology

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Editor-in-Chief:
Michelle Prudhomme
Universite Blaise Pascal - C.N.R.S
Aubiere Cedex
France


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Synthesis and Biological Evaluation of 3-Substituted-4-(4-methylthio phenyl)-1HPyrrole Derivatives as Potential Anticancer Agents

Author(s): Lan Lan, Weixi Qin, Xiaoping Zhan, Zenglu Liu and Zhenmin Mao

Affiliation: School of Pharmacy, Shanghai Jiaotong University, 800 Dongchuan Road, Shanghai 200240, China.

Abstract

A novel series of 3-substituted-4-(4-methylthio phenyl)-1H-pyrrole derivatives were synthesized via Van Leusen pyrrole synthesis. The in vitro anticancer activity against a panel of 16 cancer cell lines and 2 normal cell lines was investigated by MTT assay. It was found that some of the pyrrole compounds showed similar antiproliferative activity against cancer cells compared with Paclitaxel, but little impact on normal cell lines, which indicated that the novel pyrrole derivatives could be used as potential anticancer candidates for possessing both selectivity and good therapeutic efficacy. Structure-activity relationship analysis found that 3-phenylacetyl-4- (4-methylthio phenyl)-1H-pyrrole derivatives displayed the most strong anticancer activity, among which [4-(4-methylthio phenyl)-1Hpyrrol- 3-yl] (4-methoxy phenyl) methanone (3j) was employed to investigate the effect of these pyrrole analogues on cell cycle by propidium iodide (PI) staining on cell flow cytometry. Cell necrotic effect of 10.0 µM 3j against MGC80-3 cells were also observed under fluorescence microscope and transmission electron microscope by ultrathin sections observation.

Keywords: Anticancer activity, MTT assay, Cellular morphology changes, Cell cycle, MGC80-3, Fluorescence microscope, Propidium iodide staining, 3-Substituted-4-(4-methylthio phenyl)-1H-pyrrole, Ultrathin sections observation, Van Leusen pyrrole synthesis.

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Article Details

Volume: 14
Issue Number: 7
First Page: 994
Last Page: 1002
Page Count: 9
DOI: 10.2174/1871520613666131224123823
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